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Category Archives: Notes

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Mobility Management – 3. Processing Location Updates

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. Let’s look at how the Tracking Area Updates work from the point of view of the network. Let’s take an example of a … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Mobility Management – 3. Processing Location Updates

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Mobility Management – 4. Changing MME and SGW

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. As we’ve seen earlier, the eNB needs a connection to an MME and a S-GW. However different eNBs may connect to different S-GWs … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Mobility Management – 4. Changing MME and SGW

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Mobility Management – 2. Balancing Location Update Load

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. As we saw before larger Tracking Areas minimize the number of UEs between terminals to update their location. The problem is the cells/eNBs … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Mobility Management – 2. Balancing Location Update Load

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Mobility Management – 1. Managing Location

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. As we saw with the Network Triggered Service Request, the network needs to know which eNB / cell the UE is currently being … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Mobility Management – 1. Managing Location

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Sporadic Data Flows – 3. Standby Modes

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. As we discussed before when no data has been sent by a UE for a period of time the eNB will switch from … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Sporadic Data Flows – 3. Standby Modes

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Sporadic Data Flows – 4. UE Triggered Service Request

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. As we just saw when a terminal moves to ECC-Idle while in EMM-Registered state, it releases it’s radio resources, so what happens when … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Sporadic Data Flows – 4. UE Triggered Service Request

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Sporadic Data Flows – 2. UE Connection to the Network

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. One of the common themes we cover over and over in the 4G discussion is the desire to preserve energy on the UE … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Sporadic Data Flows – 2. UE Connection to the Network

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Sporadic Data Flows – 1. Attach and Detach Procedures

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. A LTE UE has permanent IP connectivity for as long as it is connected. As soon as the UE powers up it requests … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Sporadic Data Flows – 1. Attach and Detach Procedures

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Data Flows – 7. NAS and Global View of Protocol Stack

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. The LTE architecture compartmentalises the roles in the mobile network. For example the eNB concentrates on radio connection management, while the MME focuses … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Data Flows – 7. NAS and Global View of Protocol Stack

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Data Flows – 5/6. S1AP Connection

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. Each MME can manage millions of UEs. To handle this load the requirements of each subscriber for the MME must be as minimal … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Data Flows – 5/6. S1AP Connection

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Data Flows – 3. Identifying & Managing Tunnels

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. As we’ve talked about traffic to and from UEs is encapsulated in GTP-U tunnels, with the idea that by encapsulating data destined for … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Data Flows – 3. Identifying & Managing Tunnels

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Data Flows – 2. GTP Protocol

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. When a packet arrives from an external network, like the internet, it is routed to the P-GW. The P-GW takes this packet and … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Management of Data Flows – 2. GTP Protocol

IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Radio Interface – 7. PDCP & Global Vision

These are my lecture notes from IMT’s NET02x (4G Network Essentials) course, I thought I’d post them here as they may be useful to someone. You can find my complete notes here. The Packet Data Convergence Protocol PDCP protocol stack sits ontop of the radio interface stack, and manages the connection the EPC. There is … Continue reading IMTx: NET02x (4G Network Essentials) – Radio Interface – 7. PDCP & Global Vision