Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks

Open5GS EPC: Static IP Addresses for UEs / APNs / Subscribers

Assigning static IPs to UEs in Open5GS

Categories
5G SA EPC LTE Mobile Networks

CUPS – Control and User Plane Separation in LTE & NR with PFCP (Sx & N4)

A look at PFCP for the Sx and N4 Interfaces

Categories
EPC Mobile Networks

Wireshark Filtering S1AP to find Subscriber Signaling

Using Wireshark to filter S1 messaging to find signalling from a specific subscriber,

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks Software

List of Open Source Evolved Packet Core (EPC) Implementations

List of Open Source Evolved Packet Core implementations

Categories
GSM LTE Mobile Networks Software

Android Carrier Privileges

Unlocking Carrier Privileges through certificate on a UICC

Categories
EPC GSM LTE Mobile Networks Uncategorized

Getting TIED up with GTP Tunnels

What’s the deal with Tunnel Endpoint Identifiers and what do they do?

Categories
EPC LTE

Diameter Dispatches: S6a Authentication Information Request / Answer

This is part of a series of posts focusing on common Diameter request pairs, looking at what’s inside and what they do. The Authentication Information Request (AIR) and Authentication Information Answer (AIA) are one of the first steps in authenticating a subscriber, and a very common Diameter transaction. The Process The Authentication Information Request (AIR) […]

Categories
EPC EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks

S1AP – Relative Capacity (87) on MME

Functionality of eNB MME selection based on Relative Capacity IE

Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks

Viewing the SIB – The LTE System Information Block with SDRs

Using SDR hardware to view the LTE System Information Block’s contents.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks

Open5GS EPC: SGW selection by eNodeB ID / TAC

Using the new functionality in Open5Gs to select S-GW based on TAC or eNB ID.

Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Software

Diameter Droplets – Origin-State-Id AVP

What the Origin-State-Id AVP does and how it is used to track if a Diameter peer restarts.

Categories
EPC EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks

BaiCells USIM PLMN Issues (MNC 314 / MCC 030 vs MNC 311 / MCC 98)

Why the BaiCells PLMN changes?

Categories
EPC EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards

LTE UE Attach Procedures in Evolved Packet Core (EPC)

A look into the signalling messages between Network elements in an Evolved Packet Core exchanged during the Attach Procedure

Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: Registration-Termination-Request / Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Registration-Termination Request / Answer allow a Diameter Client (S-CSCF) to indicate to the HSS (Diameter Server) that it is no longer serving that user and the registration has […]

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: User-Authorization-Request/Answer

The Diameter User-Authorization-Request and User-Authorization-Answer commands are used as the first line of authorization of a user and to determine which Serving-CSCF to forward a request to.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: Server-Assignment-Request/Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Server-Assignment-Request/Answer commands are used so a SIP Server can indicate to a Diameter server that it is serving a subscriber and pull the profile information of the subscriber. […]

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: Location-Info-Request / Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Location-Information-Request/Answer commands are used so a SIP Server query a Diameter to find which P-CSCF a Subscriber is being served by Basics: The RFC’s definition is actually pretty […]

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards

Diameter and SIP: Multimedia-Authentication-Request/Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Multimedia-Authentication-Request/Answer commands are used to Authenticate subscribers / UAs using a variety of mechanisms such as straight MD5 and AKAv1-MD5. Basics: When a SIP Server (S-CSCF) receives a […]

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks

Connecting any 3rd Party HSS to Open5GS MME

Connecting an external / 3rd party HSS to Open5GS

Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks

srsLTE Install for BladeRF & LimeSDR on Debian / Ubuntu

Note: I’m running version 19.12.0 which I installed from the repos due to issues with 20.4.0 (latest when I wrote this) and stability on LimeSDR. I wrote the other day about installing SRS LTE stack, But installing it is one thing, meeting all the requirements to use it with your SDR hardware turns out to […]