Categories
5G SA EPC LTE Mobile Networks SDM

Backing up and Restoring Open5GS

How to backup and restore Open5Gs config between servers

Categories
EPC Mobile Networks SDM

Jaffa Cakes explain the nuances between Centralized vs Decentralized Online Charging in 3GPP Networks

A look at Centralized vs DeCentralized Online Charging with the aid of sugar.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards SDM Voice over IP

Basics of EPC/LTE Online Charging (OCS)

A glimpse into the complexities of prepaid billing (Online Charging) Diameter based networks.

Categories
5G SA EPC Linux LTE Mobile Networks

Open5GS without NAT

Setting up Open5Gs without a NAT requirement, and the routing required to do so.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards SDM

Diameter – Insert Subscriber Data Request / Response

A look at how the HSS can update the profile of an already in-use subscription using Insert Subscriber Data Request/Response.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks SDM SIM Cards

PS Data Off

How turning mobile data off, doesn’t, in LTE and 5G.

Categories
EPC Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Docker & BIND as an ENUM Playground

A Bind environment in a Docker container for experimenting and learning ENUM for DNS based Call Routing.

Categories
GSM LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards

Looking inside the MMS Exchange (With call flow and PCAP)

A look at Multimedia Messaging (MMS) in 3GPP Networks and how it actually works.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks Python RFCs & Standards SDM Software

Telephony binary-coded decimal (TBCD) in Python with Examples

Chances are if you’re reading this, you’re trying to work out what Telephony Binary-Coded Decimal encoding is. I got you. Again I found myself staring at encoding trying to guess how it worked, reading references that looped into other references, in this case I was encoding MSISDN AVPs in Diameter. How to Encode a number […]

Categories
5G SA EPC EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards SDM Security SIM Cards

The PLMN Problem for Private LTE / 5G

As the number of Private Networks built on LTE and 5G grow, how will PLMN allocation be managed?

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks

How UEs get Time in LTE

How does “Network Time” actually get to the UE?

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks SDM

Diameter Agents

A look at the 4 types of Diameter Agent

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards

SCTP Parameter Tuning

A look at tuning your SCTP parameters to detect failures quickly and reduce dropped packets when they happen.

Categories
5G SA EPC IMS / VoLTE LTE Mobile Networks SDM Voice over IP

IMS Routing with iFCs

Peer behind the magic curtain at how IMS networks route your VoLTE and VoNR calls, and how iFC (Initial Filter Criteria) achieve this.

Categories
5G SA EPC EUTRAN GSM LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards

Pre-5G Network Slicing

5G introduces Network Slicing, or does it? A look at slicing mechanisms widely used in pre-5G networks.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards SDM

Diameter Droplets – The Flow-Description AVP and IPFilterRules

Getting to know IPfilterRules and the Flow-Description AVP

Categories
EPC GSM IMS / VoLTE LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards

The Surprisingly Complicated world of MO SMS in IMS/VoLTE

Short messaging can be anything but simple…

Categories
5G SA EPC LTE Mobile Networks SDM Software

Open5Gs Database Schema Change

New database time to support slicing and a migration path for existing users.

Categories
EPC Kamailio LTE Mobile Networks SDM Software

A very unstable Diameter Routing Agent (DRA) with Kamailio

I’d been trying for some time to get Kamailio acting as a Diameter Routing Agent with mixed success, and eventually got it working, after a few changes to the codebase of the ims_diameter_server module. It is rather unstable, in that if it fails to dispatch to a Diameter peer, the whole thing comes crumbling down, […]

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks Python Software

PyHSS Update – YAML Config Files

Introducing YAML based config files for defining how PyHSS should be setup