Categories
EPC IMS / VoLTE LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards SDM Software

Diameter Routing Agents – Part 5 – AVP Transformations

A look at why we’d want to apply translations to Diameter AVPs inside a Diameter Routing Agent

Categories
EPC IMS / VoLTE LTE Mobile Networks SDM Software

Diameter Routing Agents – Part 4 – Advanced FreeDiameter DRA Routing

Looking at overriding the default Diameter routing logic in FreeDiameter with rt_default

Categories
EPC IMS / VoLTE LTE Mobile Networks SDM Software

Diameter Routing Agents – Part 3 – Building a DRA with FreeDiameter

Using FreeDiameter as a DRA

Categories
EPC IMS / VoLTE LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards SDM

Diameter Routing Agents (Why you need them, and how to build them) – Part 2 – Routing

Diving back into the world of Diameter Routing Agents with a look at the logic that defines how a DRA routes traffic from one place to another.

Categories
EPC IMS / VoLTE LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards SDM

Diameter Routing Agents (Why you need them, and how to build them) – Part 1

An introduction to Diameter Routing Agents, covering what is a DRA is and why you need them in your life / network.

Categories
5G SA EPC IMS / VoLTE LTE Mobile Networks VoIP

Filtering for 3GPP DNS in Wireshark

Filtering for 3gppnetwork.org domains in Wireshark to make your troubleshooting easier

Categories
EPC IMS / VoLTE Mobile Networks SDM

FreeDiameter – Generating Certificates

Using OpenSSL to generate self-signed certs for use in FreeDiameter

Categories
CGrateS EPC IMS / VoLTE Mobile Networks Software VoIP

CGrates in Baby Steps – Part 1

Getting started with CGrateS to bill for calls in a Telecom environment.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks

Evolved Packet Core – Analysis Challenge

This post is one of a series of packet capture analysis challenges designed to test your ability to understand what is going on in a network from packet captures.Download the Packet Capture and see how many of the questions you can answer from the attached packet capture. The answers are at the bottom of this […]

Categories
EPC EUTRAN IMS / VoLTE LTE Mobile Networks

Lifecycle of a Dedicated Bearer – From Flow-Description AVP to Traffic Flow Templates

A look at how Dedicated Bearers get established for VoLTE.

Categories
5G SA EPC LTE Mobile Networks SDM

Backing up and Restoring Open5GS

How to backup and restore Open5Gs config between servers

Categories
EPC Mobile Networks SDM

Jaffa Cakes explain the nuances between Centralized vs Decentralized Online Charging in 3GPP Networks

A look at Centralized vs DeCentralized Online Charging with the aid of sugar.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards SDM VoIP

Basics of EPC/LTE Online Charging (OCS)

A glimpse into the complexities of prepaid billing (Online Charging) Diameter based networks.

Categories
5G SA EPC Linux LTE Mobile Networks

Open5GS without NAT

Setting up Open5Gs without a NAT requirement, and the routing required to do so.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards SDM

Diameter – Insert Subscriber Data Request / Response

A look at how the HSS can update the profile of an already in-use subscription using Insert Subscriber Data Request/Response.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks SDM SIM Cards

PS Data Off

How turning mobile data off, doesn’t, in LTE and 5G.

Categories
EPC Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards VoIP

Docker & BIND as an ENUM Playground

A Bind environment in a Docker container for experimenting and learning ENUM for DNS based Call Routing.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks Python RFCs & Standards SDM Software

Telephony binary-coded decimal (TBCD) in Python with Examples

Chances are if you’re reading this, you’re trying to work out what Telephony Binary-Coded Decimal encoding is. I got you. Again I found myself staring at encoding trying to guess how it worked, reading references that looped into other references, in this case I was encoding MSISDN AVPs in Diameter. How to Encode a number […]

Categories
5G SA EPC EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards SDM Security SIM Cards

The PLMN Problem for Private LTE / 5G

As the number of Private Networks built on LTE and 5G grow, how will PLMN allocation be managed?

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks

How UEs get Time in LTE

How does “Network Time” actually get to the UE?