Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Software

Diameter Droplets – Origin-State-Id AVP

What the Origin-State-Id AVP does and how it is used to track if a Diameter peer restarts.

Categories
EPC EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards

LTE UE Attach Procedures in Evolved Packet Core (EPC)

A look into the signalling messages between Network elements in an Evolved Packet Core exchanged during the Attach Procedure

Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: Registration-Termination-Request / Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Registration-Termination Request / Answer allow a Diameter Client (S-CSCF) to indicate to the HSS (Diameter Server) that it is no longer serving that user and the registration has […]

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: User-Authorization-Request/Answer

The Diameter User-Authorization-Request and User-Authorization-Answer commands are used as the first line of authorization of a user and to determine which Serving-CSCF to forward a request to.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: Server-Assignment-Request/Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Server-Assignment-Request/Answer commands are used so a SIP Server can indicate to a Diameter server that it is serving a subscriber and pull the profile information of the subscriber. […]

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: Location-Info-Request / Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Location-Information-Request/Answer commands are used so a SIP Server query a Diameter to find which P-CSCF a Subscriber is being served by Basics: The RFC’s definition is actually pretty […]

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards

Diameter and SIP: Multimedia-Authentication-Request/Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Multimedia-Authentication-Request/Answer commands are used to Authenticate subscribers / UAs using a variety of mechanisms such as straight MD5 and AKAv1-MD5. Basics: When a SIP Server (S-CSCF) receives a […]

Categories
RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

SIP Register – Lesser Known Features

Some of the lesser used / utilized features of the SIP REGISTER method.

Categories
EPC LTE Python RFCs & Standards

GTPv2 – F-TIED Interface Types

A quick look at the Interface Types in the F-TIED field in GTPv2

Categories
EPC EUTRAN Kamailio LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Things I wish I knew about setting up private VoLTE Networks

Lessons learned about setting up VoLTE / IMS Networks at small scale.

Categories
RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

SIP SIMPLE – Instant Messaging with SIP

A look into Instant Messaging using SIP

Categories
EPC EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks Python RFCs & Standards Software Voice over IP

PyHSS Update – IMS Cx Support!

An update to PyHSS to support IMS Authentication for VoLTE

Categories
EPC EUTRAN LTE RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

IMS / VoLTE IPsec on the Gm Interface

The exchange between a UE and P-CSCF to put SIP traffic into IPsec encapsulated payloads.

Categories
RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

SIP Supported & Require

Function of Supported & Require headers in SIP.

Categories
EPC EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks Python RFCs & Standards SIM Cards Software

PLMN Identifier Calculation (MCC & MNC to PLMN)

How to encode and decode MCC and MNC as PLMN Identifiers

Categories
EPC EUTRAN LTE Python RFCs & Standards Security Software

PyHSS Update – MongoDB Backend & SQN Resync

Feature Update on PyHSS the Python Home Subscriber Server

Categories
EPC EUTRAN GSM LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Security SIM Cards

Querying Auth Credentials from USIM/SIM cards

Using osmo-sim-auth to query USIM/SIM cards authentication mechanism.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards

Why GTP for Mobile Networks?

Why and How GTP is used in LTE networks to carry user data.

Categories
Australian Telco RFCs & Standards

LNP / Porting FAQ

Technical FAQs on Number Porting in Australia

Categories
Australian Telco RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Anatomy of Local Number Portability in Australia

What goes on in the background with Local Number Porting in Australia