A look at how the SQN resync procedure is performed in the IMS Authentication flows
How much overhead is used to send the message “K” back to an SMS?
Recently I had a strange issue I thought I’d share. Using Kamailio as an Interrogating-CSCF, Kamailio was getting the S-CSCF details from the User-Authorization-Answer’s “Server-Name” (602) AVP. The value was set to: sip:scscf.mnc001.mcc001.3gppnetwork.org:5060 But the I-CSCF was only looking up A-Records for scscf.mnc001.mcc001.3gppnetwork.org, not using DNS-SRV. The problem? The Server-Name I had configured as a […]
If you’ve ever received an SMS from your operator, and the sender was the Operator name for example, you may be left wondering how it’s done. In IMS you’d think this could be quite simple – You’d set the From header to be the name rather than the MSISDN, but for most SMSoIP deployments, the […]
Bad Extension is nothing to do with the Dialplan…
Quirks and gotchas of working with SMS on IMS on iPhones.
Using FreeSWITCH as an IMS Application Server
A look at how Dedicated Bearers get established for VoLTE.
A glimpse into the complexities of prepaid billing (Online Charging) Diameter based networks.
A Bind environment in a Docker container for experimenting and learning ENUM for DNS based Call Routing.
IMS Routing with iFCs
Peer behind the magic curtain at how IMS networks route your VoLTE and VoNR calls, and how iFC (Initial Filter Criteria) achieve this.
Adding support for AMR Codec in FreeSWITCH
Short messaging can be anything but simple…
These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Registration-Termination Request / Answer allow a Diameter Client (S-CSCF) to indicate to the HSS (Diameter Server) that it is no longer serving that user and the registration has […]
The Diameter User-Authorization-Request and User-Authorization-Answer commands are used as the first line of authorization of a user and to determine which Serving-CSCF to forward a request to.
These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Server-Assignment-Request/Answer commands are used so a SIP Server can indicate to a Diameter server that it is serving a subscriber and pull the profile information of the subscriber. […]
These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Location-Information-Request/Answer commands are used so a SIP Server query a Diameter to find which P-CSCF a Subscriber is being served by Basics: The RFC’s definition is actually pretty […]
These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Multimedia-Authentication-Request/Answer commands are used to Authenticate subscribers / UAs using a variety of mechanisms such as straight MD5 and AKAv1-MD5. Basics: When a SIP Server (S-CSCF) receives a […]
My first Pull / Merge in the Kamailio project was to fix the IMS P-CSCF config
Lessons learned about setting up VoLTE / IMS Networks at small scale.