Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks

LTE EPC: Serving Gateway (S-GW) Basic Function

Basic processes and functions of the LTE EPC Serving Gateway (S-GW).

Categories
EPC Mobile Networks

Wireshark Filtering S1AP to find Subscriber Signaling

Using Wireshark to filter S1 messaging to find signalling from a specific subscriber,

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks Software

List of Open Source Evolved Packet Core (EPC) Implementations

List of Open Source Evolved Packet Core implementations

Categories
EPC GSM LTE Mobile Networks Uncategorized

Getting TIED up with GTP Tunnels

What’s the deal with Tunnel Endpoint Identifiers and what do they do?

Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks

Viewing the SIB – The LTE System Information Block with SDRs

Using SDR hardware to view the LTE System Information Block’s contents.

Categories
EPC EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks

BaiCells USIM PLMN Issues (MNC 314 / MCC 030 vs MNC 311 / MCC 98)

Why the BaiCells PLMN changes?

Categories
EPC EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards

LTE UE Attach Procedures in Evolved Packet Core (EPC)

A look into the signalling messages between Network elements in an Evolved Packet Core exchanged during the Attach Procedure

Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: Registration-Termination-Request / Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Registration-Termination Request / Answer allow a Diameter Client (S-CSCF) to indicate to the HSS (Diameter Server) that it is no longer serving that user and the registration has […]

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: User-Authorization-Request/Answer

The Diameter User-Authorization-Request and User-Authorization-Answer commands are used as the first line of authorization of a user and to determine which Serving-CSCF to forward a request to.

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: Server-Assignment-Request/Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Server-Assignment-Request/Answer commands are used so a SIP Server can indicate to a Diameter server that it is serving a subscriber and pull the profile information of the subscriber. […]

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Diameter and SIP: Location-Info-Request / Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Location-Information-Request/Answer commands are used so a SIP Server query a Diameter to find which P-CSCF a Subscriber is being served by Basics: The RFC’s definition is actually pretty […]

Categories
EPC LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards

Diameter and SIP: Multimedia-Authentication-Request/Answer

These posts focus on the use of Diameter and SIP in an IMS / VoLTE context, however these practices can be equally applied to other networks. The Multimedia-Authentication-Request/Answer commands are used to Authenticate subscribers / UAs using a variety of mechanisms such as straight MD5 and AKAv1-MD5. Basics: When a SIP Server (S-CSCF) receives a […]

Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks

srsLTE Install for BladeRF & LimeSDR on Debian / Ubuntu

Note: I’m running version 19.12.0 which I installed from the repos due to issues with 20.4.0 (latest when I wrote this) and stability on LimeSDR. I wrote the other day about installing SRS LTE stack, But installing it is one thing, meeting all the requirements to use it with your SDR hardware turns out to […]

Categories
EPC EUTRAN GSM LTE Mobile Networks

Sending SMS in Open5GS LTE Networks using the SGs Interface and OsmoMSC with SMSoS

Sending SMS over LTE using OsmoMSC and OsmoHLR and the SGs interface for SMSoS

Categories
EPC EUTRAN GSM LTE Mobile Networks

OsmoMSC and Open5GS MME – SGs Interface for CSCF / InterRAT Handover

Looking into the SGi interface for Circuit Switched Fallback in LTE to use GSM/UMTS networks for Calls & SMS

Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks

Working with LTE MAC traces in Wireshark

Using Wireshark to view and analyze MAC layer LTE traffic

Categories
EPC EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks

Multi Operator Core-Networks (MOCN) for RAN Sharing

Multi-tenancy on the RAN side of the network, allowing an eNB to broadcast multiple PLMN IDs (MCC/MNC) in the System Information Block (SIB).

Categories
EPC EUTRAN Kamailio LTE Mobile Networks RFCs & Standards Voice over IP

Things I wish I knew about setting up private VoLTE Networks

Lessons learned about setting up VoLTE / IMS Networks at small scale.

Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks

BaiCells Neutrino eNB Setup

Configuring BaiCells Neutrino eNB

Categories
EUTRAN LTE Mobile Networks Software

SRS LTE – Software Defined LTE Stack with BladeRF x40

Using SRS LTE Stack with the BladeRF x40 Software Defined Radio (SDR)