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IMS / VoLTE Kamailio Mobile Networks VoIP

Kamailio, IMS & DNS Headches

A quick post on a lesson that took me a while to learn with DNS, Kamailio and IMS.

I’m sure I’ve ranted about the importance of DNS in IMS networks in the past on here already.

Recently I was rebuilding a P-CSCF and kept getting an error saying that the DNS was failing to resolve:

 4(5993) CRITICAL: <core> [core/dns_cache.c:3136]: dns_srv_sip_resolve(): unknown proto 0
 4(5993) ERROR: tm [ut.h:284]: uri2dst2(): failed to resolve "ims.mnc001.mcc001.3gppnetwork.org" :bug - critical error (-13)
 4(5993) ERROR: tm [t_fwd.c:1759]: t_forward_nonack(): failure to add branches
 4(5993) ERROR: sl [sl_funcs.c:414]: sl_reply_error(): stateless error reply used: Unresolvable destination (478/SL)

This was a rebuild, another P-CSCF was running fine and handling traffic with the same DNS server set.

I checked the netplan config and confirmed the DNS server was set correctly.

If I did an nslookup on the address that was failing to resolve – pointing it at the correct DNS server, the A & SRV records came back OK, and everything was fine.

Stranger still, after clearing the DNS Cache, and running a packet capture, I couldn’t see any DNS queries at all….

The problem? Kamailio uses resolv.conf by default on Ubuntu Server, and that was pointing to localhost.

After updating resolv.conf to point to the DNS server handling the IMS domains, I was good to go again.

A super valuable resource for all things DNS & Kamailio is this doc.

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