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Kamailio Voice over IP

Kamailio Bytes – Multiple Kamailio Instances on a Single Box

Running multiple instances of Kamailio on the same server using init.d

For whatever reason you might want to run multiple Kamailio instances on the same machine.

In my case I was working on an all-in-one IMS box, which needed the P-CSCF, I-CSCF and S-CSCF all in the one box.

init.d File

As you probably already know, all the startup scripts for each service/daemon live in the /etc/init.d directory.

We’ll start by copying the existing init.d file for kamailio:

cp /etc/init.d/kamailio /etc/init.d/kamailio1

Next up we’ll edit it to reflect the changes we want made.

You only really need to change the DEFAULTS= parameter, but you may also want to update the description, etc.

DEFAULTS=/etc/default/kamailio1

The CFGFILE parameter we can update later in the defaults file or specify here.

Defaults File

Next up we’ll need to create a defaults file where we specify how our instance will be loaded,

Again, we’ll copy an existing defaults file and then just edit it.

cp /etc/default/kamailio /etc/default/kamailio1

The file we just created from the copy will need to match the filename we specified in the init.d file for DEFAULTS=

In my case the filename is kamailio1

In here I’ll need to at minimum change the CFGFILE= parameter to point to the config file for the Kamailio instance we’re adding.

In this case the file is called kamailio1.cfg in /etc/kamailio/

For some Ubuntu systems you’re expected to reload the daemons:

systemctl daemon-reload

Starting / Running

Once you’ve done all this you can now try and start your instance using /etc/init.d/kamailio1 start

For my example startup failed as I haven’t created the config file for kamailio1.cfg

So I quickly created a config file and tried to start my service:

/etc/init.d/kamailio1 restart

And presto, my service is running,

I can verify all is running through ps aux:

ps aux | grep kamailio1

Just keep in mind if you want to run multiple instances of Kamailio, you can’t have them all bound to the same address / port.

This also extends to tools like kamcmd which communicate with Kamailio over a socket, again you’d need to specify unique ports for each instance.

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